Safeguarding refers to the process of protecting children (and adults) to provide safe and effective care. This includes all procedures designed to prevent harm to a child.
What is child protection?
Child Protection is part of the safeguarding children process, protecting individual children identified as suffering or likely to suffer significant harm. This includes the child protection procedures which detail how to respond to concerns about a child.
What is abuse?
There's further information on the signs, symptoms and effects of abuse on the NSPCC website.
Safeguarding requirements for an organisation
Working Together to Safeguard Children (HM Government, 2018; PDF) states that safeguarding is everyone’s responsibility. Working Together outlines the duties of all organisations that work with children. These are summarised in the diagram below, which we have created from the text in Chapter 2, paragraph 3 (© Crown copyright 2018).
The Safeguarding Standards are based on these duties. And while the Working Together guidance is only specific to England, the principles are reflected by guidance and standards in all the UK nations.
What is contextual safeguarding?
Traditionally, safeguarding has focused on the young people’s home, school and sports club to keep them safe. These areas are really important. However, they’re not where young people spend all their time.
Contextual safeguarding starts by finding out where young people spend their time and then works to make these places safer. For example:
- providing information to shop owners about what to do if they have concerns about children
- displaying information in local shopping centres about who to contact if they have concerns
- engaging with young people in their local hang out areas to ensure that young people find this a safe and supportive place to spend time
We've developed an animation to look at the difference between child protection and safeguarding and explore contextual safeguarding more closely to understand how we can ensure young people are kept safer.
When thinking about contextual safeguarding in sport and physical activity context, the first thing to do is to talk to children and young people and find out where they like to hang out.
- What are the benefits and risks of this space? Discuss these with young people.
- What does your organisation already offer in these spaces?
- How can this be expanded, where relevant, and made safer?