Safeguarding refers to the process of protecting children (and adults) to provide safe and effective care. This includes all procedures designed to prevent harm to a child.
What is child protection?
Child Protection is part of safeguarding process, protecting individual children identified as suffering or likely to suffer significant harm. This includes the child protection procedures which detail how to respond to concerns about a child.
What is abuse?
There's further information on the signs, symptoms and effects of abuse on the NSPCC website.
Safeguarding requirements for an organisation
Working Together to Safeguard Children (HM Government, 2015; PDF) states that safeguarding is everyone’s responsibility. Working Together outlines the duties of all organisations that work with children. These are summarised in the diagram below.
Adapted by the CPSU from 'Working Together to Safeguard Children' (HM Government, 2015) © Crown copyright 2015
The Safeguarding Standards are based on these duties. And while the Working Together guidance is only specific to England, the principles are reflected by guidance and standards in all the UK nations.